ES Module 5 : Evolution and Community Ecology
Lesson 1 : Evolution
Objective(s): (1) Describe the four primary mechanisms of biological evolution; (2) Describe how speciation and extinction affect the diversity of life on Earth.
Essential Question: What role does the environment play in an organism's survival and reproduction?
Vocabulary: evolution, gene, mutation, genetic drift, natural selection, fitness, adaptation, artificial selection, speciation, extinction.
Assignment(s): Cornell Notes 5-1; Evolution IP (Student Directions)
Lesson 2 : Species Interactions
Objective(s): (1) Discuss the factors that influence an organism's niche; (2) compare and contrast predation, parasitism, and herbivory; (3) describe mutualism and commensalism.
Essential Question: How do species interact in nature?
Vocabulary: niche, tolerance, resource partitioning, predation, coevolution, parasitism, symbiosis, herbivory, mutualism, commensalism.
Assignment(s): Cornell Notes 5-2; Species Interactions IP
Lesson 3 : Ecological Communities
Objective(s): (1) Explain the effect of inefficient energy transfer on community structure; (2) Describe how feeding relationships can have both direct and indirect effects on community members.
Essential Question: How do energy and nutrients move through communities?
Vocabulary: producers, consumers, herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, detritivore, decomposer, food chain, trophic level, food web, energy pyramid.
Assignment(s): Cornell Notes 5-3; Ecological Communities IP
Lesson 4 : Community Stability
Objective(s): (1) Describe what happens to a community after a disturbance; (2) Explain the conditions necessary for a species to become invasive.
Essential Question: How do communities respond to a disturbance?
Vocabulary: succession, primary succession, secondary succession, pioneer species, invasive species.
Assignment(s): Cornell Notes 5-4; Community Stability IP