MS Module 2 : The Formation of the Oceans
Lesson 1 : Earth's Structure
Standard(s): SC.912.E.6.3, SC.912.N.2.1, SC.912.N.3.1
Objective(s): (1) Identify and describe the main layers of the Earth, (2) Distinguish between oceanic and continental crust
Essential Question: What are the distinct characteristics of the Earth's layers?
Vocabulary: core, mantle, crust, lithosphere, asthenosphere, oceanic crust, continental crust
Assigned Reading: Castro Marine Biology (pp. 19-23)
Assignment(s): 2-1 Cornell Notes; Earth's Structure Asmt (Intro, GP & IP)
Lesson 2 : Explore the Seafloor
Standard(s): SC.912.E.6.5, SC.912.N.2.4, SC.912.L.17.2
Objective(s): (1) Make a representational graph of a seafloor model; (2) Identify and describe common seafloor features such as: trenches, mid-ocean ridges, continental shelves, abyssal plains, continental slopes, seamounts, continental rise, and submarine canyons; (3) Discuss different methods scientists use to study the seafloor
Essential Question: How do scientists determine what the seafloor looks like at extreme depths?
Vocabulary: lithogenous sediments, biogenous sediments, ocean basin, abyssal plain, seamount, continental shelf, continental slope, continental rise, active margins, passive margins, trench, submarine canyon, mid-ocean ridge
Assigned Reading: Castro Marine Biology (pp. 34-39)
Assignment(s): 2-2 Cornell Notes; Explore the Seafloor Asmt (Intro, GP & IP); Seafloor Features Diagram
Resources: SONAR sound; Multibeam Sonar; Multibeam Sonar with Sidescan
Lesson 3 : Plate Tectonics
Standard(s): SC.912.E.6.3, SC.912.E.6.5, SC.912.N.1.3, SC.912.N.2.1, SC.912.N.2.4
Objective(s): (1) Explain the Theory of Plate Tectonics by describing the processes involved, the geologic features used as supporting evidence, and the major changes in Earth’s crust that have occurred as a results of crustal movement; (2) Use the development of the Theory of Plate Tectonics to discuss how scientific ideas and research evolve into a unified theory.
Essential Question: How did the seafloor develop its diverse features?
Vocabulary: plate tectonics, lithospheric plates, Pangaea, mid-ocean ridges, transform faults, sea-floor spreading, island arcs
Assignment(s): 2-3 Cornell Notes; Plate Tectonics Asmt (Intro, GP x2, & IP)
South Pacific: Ocean of Volcanoes (*In-Class Only* Assignment)
- What effect has the volcanic activity of Kilauea had on roadways and homes?
- What is the significance of the Ohi’a Lehua plant in the Hawaiian islands?
- How do lava tubes help penguins survive on the Galapagos Islands?
- How has the Megapode bird learned to utilize the heat produced by volcanic activity on the Solomon Islands?
- What survival advantage do the wekiu bugs of Mauna Kea, Hawaii’s tallest mountain, have over other insects that end up there?
- How do Bumphead fish help contribute to the formation of the elegant beaches of the Pacific?
- How does the flushing of lagoons help the organisms – like the Manta Ray – surrounding the reefs survive?
- Briefly describe the life cycle of a volcano.